This is Contradiction. Since it is a thing’s Real Measure that determines its specific Quality, and since that Real Measure is in turn derived from the Quantitative relation it has with other Real Measures in the form of a series of constants, it would appear that, as in Determinate Being above, Quality is only relative and externally determined. Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see on your profile that this library is a favorite of yours. The Being-for-Other of Finitude has become the (b) Being-for-One of Infinity. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 46 (3):512-513 (1984) Abstract This article has no associated abstract. Wissenschaft der Logik by Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770-1831. [20], The point at which Something ceases to be itself and becomes an Other is that Something's Limit. Taken in their unity, that is, in their immediacy as, again, sublated, they are now only moments of (c) Something. The transition to Essence occurs when these determinations reabsorb this unity back into themselves, i.e., they sublate it. The chapter on ground concludes by describing how these elements, properly conditioned, ultimately will bring a fact into existence (a segue to the subsequent chapter on existence). By. Both Limitation and the Ought point beyond the Finite something, the one negatively and the other positively. G. W. F. Hegel, Wissenschaft der Logik. Instead of reprinting, as requested, Hegel undertook some revisions. Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, -- 1770-1831 -- Contributions in theory of knowledge. A One could only relate to another One identical to itself. This particular Quality which distinguishes Quantum from any other Qualitatively Determined Being is in fact the total lack of explicit self-determinateness that differentiated Quantity from Quality in the first place. Die subjektive Logik. Hegel, Wissenschaft der Logik. [37], If we now take in isolation that to which all the preceding moments refer, i.e., that which we now have immediately before us, we end up with (c) the One. Das Problem einer Einleitung in Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik / Hans Friedrich Fulda. Since each Real Measure within a series forms such a constant with every other member in that series, any individual series in which a particular Real Measure serves as the Unit can be made commensurable with any other series with a different Real Measure as Unit. Vittorio Klostermann (1965) Abstract This article has no associated abstract. Attraction presupposes Repulsion: for the Many to be Attracted by the One, they must have at first been Repulsed by it. Volume: 5. [79], The relation of Elective Affinity is an external relation between two Real Measures that is determined by their Quantitative aspects. Vorrede zur zweiten Ausgabe: Denkformen und Sprache, wissenschaftliches und natürliches Denken. Festschrift für Werner Marx. [4] The Science of Logic is thus divided like this: This division, however, does not represent a strictly linear progression. The inherent contradiction between difference and unity is resolved when the latter is posited as the negative of the former. They cannot be cut off from each other, but either one can be foregrounded leaving the other present only implicitly. It is neither a Determinate Being, nor a Something, nor a Constitution, etc. It is therefore no longer meaningful to say that something can have "more" or "less" of one Quality than another as if each Quality were absolutely distinct from each other. [97], Both the Positive and the Negative are self-subsistent determinations: each side can stand on its own without explicit reference to the other. Potentially any set of reasons could be given for an official to be holding office. The first, ‘The Objective Logic’, has two parts (the Doctrines of Being and Essence) and each part was published in 1812 and 1813 respectively. This Being is not just another Finite Other, but is the One for which they are and of which they are a part. What this means is that, in the face of its own Limitation, the very Quality that defined the Something in the first place ceases to be in any opposition to the Other, which is to say that it no longer strictly is this Quality but now Ought to be this Quality. This nullity actually serves to fix them eternally in their specific determination and preserve them from Alteration, because they no longer relate to each other externally as Others to one another, but internally as equals in Essence's nothingness. This is the subject of Book One: The Doctrine of Being. What something was, was determined entirely by that which differentiated it from what it wasn't, i.e., it was negatively determined by its Other. Die objektive Logik. The Relation of Self-Subsistent Measures, Subjective Logic or the Doctrine of the Notion, Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences, Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Science_of_Logic&oldid=979910804, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Ludovicus De Vos. Year: 1986. What concerns it, therefore, is no longer the act of positing itself, but the specific determinateness of that which is posited, since it is this and nothing else that establishes its externality in the first place. Until this point Determinate Being was burdened with Finitude, depended on the Other for its own determination, and so was only relatively determined Being. It itself does not determine its own inner fluctuations, i.e., is not self-determining. Being was always already Nothing, and Nothing was always already Being; Being and Nothing are conceptually identical, yet at the same time nominally distinguished (unterschieden). Wissenschaft der Logik (Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich), http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/2065935>. "[T]hey are only distinguished by the one having amount within itself and the other having amount outside itself." Access: How to Borrow from Another Library. "Determinate ground" consists of "formal ground," "real ground," and "complete ground." The latter is a relative relation between two Determinate Beings whereby they distinguish themselves one from another and in turn determine themselves as specific Beings based on this distinction. What a Something is in opposition to an Other is its (b) Determination;[19] what it is in relation to an Other is its Constitution. Real Measures, however, are also subject to internal alteration akin to what has already been discussed in "Measure" above, i.e., that its Quality can be maintained only within a certain Quantitative range beyond which it undergoes a sudden "leap" into another Quality. Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts Mit Einer Einleitung. Only the second edition of Science of Logic is translated into English. The absolute nothingness of Essence forms the background to any and all of the determinations it chooses to Reflect itself off of. Hegel's logic is a system of dialectics , i.e., a dialectical metaphysics : it is a development of the principle that thought and being constitute a single and active unity. Likeness and Unlikeness are both in fact only Likeness. Real ground is external and made up of two substrates, both directly applicable to content (which evidently is what we seem to perceive). bbbb. (Gesammelte Werke Band 21). GA 24, p.254. Since no new Quality has been taken on, we cannot call this transition a Becoming, but rather a Repulsion, i.e., the positing of (c) Many Ones. Illusory Being, as has already been established, is a nullity, nothingness. The logic of Hegel: translated from the Encyclopaedia of the philosophical sciences 1892, Clarendon Press in English - 2d ed., rev. These different Qualities form Nodes on a line of gradual Quantitative increase or decrease. The indifference of Quantum is retained in Measure insofar as the magnitude of things can increase or decrease without fundamentally altering their Quality, and yet their essential unity nevertheless manifests at the Limit where an alteration in Quantity will bring about a change in Quality. Hegel, G.W.F. ", In formal ground, Hegel seems to be referring to those causal explanations of some phenomena that make it what it is. Hegel claims that it is "one of the most important notions in philosophy." A given determination, as seen from its Positive aspect, is Likeness reflected back onto itself off of Unlikeness. Erster Band. Quantum, having sublated the moment of Quantity that originally defined it and returned to Quality, is now what it is in its truth: Measure. It is the Intensive side of Quantity (see above) such as it relates to specific Real Measures that determines its Qualitative behaviour when subject to changes in Extensive Quantity. Things are Like each other insofar as they are not Unlike each other and vice versa: the two terms are mutually exclusive insofar as they refer to the same thing, but in themselves, apart from the things they refer to, there is no difference between them. Wissenschaft der Logik. Book Three: The Doctrine of the Notion outlines the subjective side of the Notion as Notion, or, the Notion as it is for itself [für sich]; human beings, animals and plants being some of the shapes it takes in nature. Science of Logic (SL; German: Wissenschaft der Logik, WdL), first published between 1812 and 1816, is the work in which Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel outlined his vision of logic. ... Wissenschaft der Logik — Band 1 and many more. Frankfurt am Main : Klostermann, 1965 (OCoLC)632145973: Named Person: Please enter recipient e-mail address(es). aus Platons Sophistes auf und modifiziert sie für seine Zwecke. [27], Once again, sublation occurs. You may have already requested this item. Knowledge, Theory of. Publication date 1812 Usage Public Domain Mark 1.0 Topics bub_upload, Logic Publisher Nürnberg : Johann Leonhard Schrag Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of University of California Language German. [41], The original transition of Being and Nothing to Determinate Being is again echoed here in the sphere of Being-for-Self. As moments, Identity and Difference require each other and are bound up with one another: one term could not exist without the other. Die Lehre vom Begriff (1816): Die subjektive Logik. This total dependence on Essence means that there is nothing any longer in Being itself upon which any of its own determinations can be based, i.e., there is no longer any mediation within Being. Hegel, Wissenschaft der Logik. At the end of the preface he wrote that "Logic is the thinking of God." Centrifugal force, Hegel states as one of several examples drawn from the physical sciences, At this point the negative, Excluding nature of the One is reasserted within Quantity. This gesture is made explicit in the Quantitative Ratio, where two Quanta are brought into relationship with one another in such a way that neither one in itself is self-determined, but in relating to each other, they Qualitatively determine something beyond themselves, e.g., a line or a curve.[65]. Erster Teil: Die objective Logik. This unity is called Being-for-Self. Logik 15 Minuten Hegel – Folge 7: Die Wissenschaft der Logik Logik + Mystik V: Von Nichts zu Nichts (GWF Hegel + FWJ Schelling) Hegels Logik Science of Logic (SL; German: Wissenschaft der Logik, WdL), first published between 1812 and 1816, is the work in which Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel outlined his vision of logic. Hegel shows that the true idea can only be based upon valid reasoning and objectivity. Hence the Science of Logic is actually a circle and there is no starting point or end, but rather a totality. G.W.G. In the Direct and Inverse Ratios, the relation between the constant and its variables was not continuous, the former only being a fixed proportionality between them, and the latter relating itself to them only negatively. Here Hegel introduces his Notion within which he extends Kant's basic schemes of judgement and syllogism classification. But at the same time, they absolutely negate one another and only are at all by virtue of their mutual negation of each other. Translated by George di Giovanni, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 73 (2):385 (1966) Abstract This article has no associated abstract. When this negation itself is negated, which is called "absolute negation," what a Determinate Being is, is no longer dependent on what it is not for its own determination, but becomes an actual particular Something in its own right: a Being-Within-Self. Both these terms, in being absolutely negative, are identical to one another: Essence is Illusory Being and Illusory Being is Essence. ix, 448, DM 148. Marco de Angelis erklärt die Wissenschaft der Logik von G.W.F. Formerly, any single Number could simultaneously denote either an Amount or a Unit; now, it must serve exclusively as the one or the other in relation to another Number serving as the opposite. [70], Insofar as Quantity describes the upper and lower Limits between which a specific Quality can maintain itself, it serves as a (a) Rule. Now, as Measure, Quality and Quantity though still distinct from one another are inseparable and in their unity comprise a specific Determinate Being: "Everything that exists has a magnitude and this magnitude belongs to the nature of the something itself." This standpoint is (c) the Infinity of Quantum from where it is seen that Infinity, initially the absolute Other of Quantum, essentially belongs to it and in fact determines it as a particular Quality alongside all the other Determinate Beings that had long since been sublated. E-ZBorrow is the easiest and fastest way to get the book you want (ebooks unavailable). So, from henceforth it cannot be said that they simply emerge within the Substrate of Indifference, but that this "substrate" itself is their very own living self-relation. Hegel on tragedy. (fix it) Keywords Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich: Categories Hegel: Phenomenology of Spirit in 19th Century Philosophy (categorize this paper) Reprint years 1975 ISBN(s) 3465011449 9783465011446 Options Edit this record. Die objective Logik: TP + [III]-X = Vorrede + [XI]-XIV Hegel considered it one of his major works and therefore kept it up to date through revision. This, the Amount, is the moment of Discreteness within Number. Hegel calls this the Spurious Infinite and it is this that is spoken of whenever the Infinite is held to be over and above―separated from―the Finite. English. In der zweiten Auflage der Wissenschaft der Logik nimmt Hegel dabei in der „Lehre vom Sein“ die Grundbestimmungen der reinen Ontologie (Seiendes, Identität, Verschiedenheit, etc.) (Contains his theory of law and morality as well as his social and political philosophy.) Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. Now however, in the Ratio of Powers, what it relates itself to externally is determined by its own self, and that which relates externally to its own self has long since been defined as Quality. # Das Problem einer Einleitung in Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik\n, # Wissenschaft der Logik (Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich)\n, # Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich \/ Wissenschaft der Logik\n. [83], This Substrate, as what persists through the succession of States, is in a relation of Absolute Indifference to every particular determination—be it of quality, quantity or measure—that it contains. If the constant is given, then the Quantum on any one side of the ratio could be any Number, and the Number on the other side will automatically be determined. (Gesammelte Werke Band 21). However, if we then take the constant produced by the ratio of the two sides as a self-subsistent Something in its own right, that is, a Being-for-Self, then the two formerly entirely distinct Qualities become its own sublated moments, their very natures now seen to have been in fact derived from this relation of Measure in the first place. This vanishing of concepts is the intrinsic movement of the Notion (der Begriff). [62] This irresolvable self-contradiction within Quantum yields (b) the Quantitative Infinite Progress. Hegel: Logiikan tiede (Wissenschaft der Logik) Ilmari Jauhiainen (julkaistu 2.11.2011, muokattu 16.9.2014) Logiikan tiedettä ( Wissenschaft der Logik , 1812/1813/1816/1832) pidetään yleisesti yhtenä Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegelin (1770–1831) pääteoksista. Because of this, the Negative can equally well be regarded as positive and vice versa. All rights reserved. This results in nullity. Hier wird auf das Buch von Michael Wolff Bezug genommen. However, the Number ten or twenty, though made up of Many, is also a self-determining One, independent of other Numbers for its determination. Gerhard Martin Wölfle - 1994. Discreteness is the expansion of the self-sameness of the Ones into Continuity. That it is Different from other things does not concern us or it at the moment: it is implicit. Pages: 456. This distinction is therefore meaningful as posited by thought. Some features of WorldCat will not be available. ... Einleitung in die Geschichte der Philosophie: Stufensystem / Verhältnis zu Wissenschaft und Religion / Freiheit des Denkens. In this immediate, merely relative relation, Essence and Being thus become the Essential and the Unessential, respectively. This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 13:36. In: Der Idealismus und seine Gegenwart. [46], The One having been restored to unity by Attraction now contains Repulsion and Attraction within it as moments. [63], The Quantitative Infinite negates Quantum, and Quantum in turn negates Infinity. ID Numbers Open Library OL24138159M At the same time, however, they completely exclude one another and in fact rely on this exclusion for their self-subsistence. It is the Ideal One of Infinite Being, which, for Hegel, actually makes it more "real" than the merely Real Many. [88], The Difference of Reflection must be distinguished from the Otherness of Determinate Being.

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